PART IV: ORIGINS
by Anthony Forwood (2011)
29: Some Interesting Anomalies in the Archeological Record
There is actually a great deal of archeological evidence that our human history and origins are quite different than what we commonly believe. This evidence is buried among the millions of neglected or forgotten specimens stored away in the dusty basements of the Smithsonian Institute and other such repositories of ancient artifacts, and show that modern humans – or some other humanoid creatures very similar in likeness to us – existed on Earth more than two million years ago, during a time when Homo Sapiens weren’t even supposed to have evolved. Apart from the many fossilized remains of fully evolved humans, certain man-made artifacts that don’t fit into our understandings of human development have also been found all over the world, embedded in rock strata that assures the dating of them to be unmistakable as to their extreme age. Some of these artifacts, revealing signs of advanced intelligence, date to hundreds of millions of years ago. As we’ve already seen, we weren’t supposed to have even begun evolving from primates until four million years ago, and the modern human species supposedly didn’t evolve until as late as a hundred and fifty thousand years ago at the very earliest.
All of these anomalous human bones and artifacts were originally misdated, explained away by one method or another, or simply ignored, in order that pre-established scientific expectations (and careers) were not upset. However, many of these bones and artifacts, and the arguments supporting or refuting their validity, have since been reanalyzed, and the specimens have been shown to fit into the archeological record at much earlier times than our current theory of human evolution would allow, putting Darwinian evolutionary theory into serious question. Much of this anomalous evidence is catalogued and discussed in great detail in Michael Cremo and Richard L. Thompson’s groundbreaking book, Forbidden Archeology, and its abridged edition, The Hidden History of the Human Race.
Cremo and Thompson present the physical evidence, and the details surrounding its analysis – and re-analysis – to show that the modern human species, or something identical to it, existed alongside more primitive hominid species more than two million years ago. They show that the evidence they present in their book was originally subjected to unscientific evaluation by the scientific establishment in order to dismiss it from the archeological record, or to otherwise force it to fit the evolutionary chain of development by interpreting the original findings based on preconceived expectations, rather than allowing it to be accepted for what it actually reveals through a purely objective scientific analysis.
In some cases, such as with that of Thomas E. Lee of the National Museum of Canada for instance, the careers of the discoverers of certain anomalous evidence have been destroyed, publication of their findings have been blocked, and the evidence itself has been misrepresented. A similar reaction was experienced by Virginia Steen-McIntyre of the US Geological Survey, who was involved in dating the Hueyatlaco finds listed below. As Cremo and Thompson point out, the usual procedure for publishing scientific papers (and this goes for all scientific papers, and not just those within the field of archeology), articles must first be submitted for anonymous peer review before it’s accepted for publication. This procedure provides a mechanism for keeping undesirable information out of scientific journals and therefore out of the awareness of the larger scientific community, allowing scientific orthodoxy to be maintained. This is nothing less than a method of systematic cover-up of the truth. The habit of people to automatically accept the final word of authority without being able to check the facts for themselves has helped greatly in keeping these anomalies and the weakness of the unscientific arguments used to discredit them from coming to the public’s attention at all.
Cremo and Thompson created quite a controversy themselves when they published their book, but what happened when its contents were used in an NBC television documentary called ‘The Mysterious Origins of Man’ was nothing less than an unscrupulous attempt by the scientific community to censor free speech and intellectual discourse by trying to force the documentary from airing again. When a barrage of letters of complaint claiming that the show was a hoax and the producer a fraud failed to keep the program from airing, these angered scientists went to the Federal Communications Commission and demanded that they step in and bar the show. Dr. Allison Palmer, president of the Institute for Cambrian Studies, wrote to the FCC and stated that “NBC should be required to make substantial prime-time apologies to their viewing audience for a sufficient period of time so that the audience clearly gets the message that they were duped.” He also suggested that NBC should be heavily fined for presenting a differing point of view than what the scientific establishment dictates as the truth.
Not all such anomalous evidence is purposely misidentified or forcefully suppressed, however, and as Cremo and Thompson explain, certain otherwise well-meaning scientists who have a preconceived notion of our past will tend to overlook certain aspects of the evidence they come across in order to better fit it with their favored theories. For instance, as Cremo and Thompson point out, if evidence of both a primitive culture and a more advanced culture are discovered at the same archeological dig (as often happens), it will be presumed that the more primitive culture must have been from an earlier time than the more advanced culture, and the finds will be dated according to this assumption, irrespective of the strata that they were found in. If finds of a more advanced type of specimen is discovered in a lower level of the dig than the more primitive specimens, it will be presumed that the more advanced specimen arrived at that lower level by accident, such as in a burial or by falling into a crevice that was later filled in. Evidence of such an unnatural placement is usually quite detectable at the time the find is made, but lack of such evidence that an unnatural placement occurred will often be ignored and the artifact will be dated according to preconceived notions, with the assumption that an unnatural placement did occur. Although such archeological errors are not always made on purpose, and although each instance of such errors might be minor on their own, the cumulative effect of such errors has distorted the true picture of our human origins.
Another factor that makes precise dating difficult is the often contradictory results of the various dating methods applied, and the fact that they can only offer a general range of time that an artifact might date to, which can be very broad. The dating methods used include chemical, radiometric, and geomagnetic techniques, as well as by analyzing site stratigraphy, the faunal remains and types of tools found in connection with the site, and the morphology of the specimens found. None of these methods are exact, and they can offer a wide degree of interpretation, often conflicting with each other. This disparity in the conflicting results of dating methods has quite often led scientists to falling back on their personal judgments, which are heavily influenced by the preconception that our current understanding of human evolutionary development is accurate. The main impetus in supporting such an understanding is the ability to conceive morphological connections between various specimens and to chronologically place them within a perceived chain of development. For instance, a more ape-like specimen would automatically be designated as having come before a more human-like specimen even though both were discovered to fall within the same general date range indicated by the dating techniques used, based solely on their morphological differences. When the more scientific dating methods fail to provide a clear difference in age between them, the morphological differences are used to place them in the preconceived chain of development. Any other possibility is seen as unacceptable. However, dating by morphology disregards any other possible developmental pattern than that already conceived. This reliance on morphological dating by the Darwinian blueprint has led to polluting the archeological record with innumerable erroneous dates. Where different specimens are assumed to be of different ages because of their morphological differences, they may have actually been contemporaneous, and where one is assumed to be older than another, the opposite may actually be the case.
It is virtually impossible to go back and reassess every piece of evidence that has contributed to our current understanding of our human past, and remove all the errors that have been made due to drawing conclusions based on preconceived notions, but if there are any indications at all that human evolutionary development was anything other than what we currently believe, then we obviously need to reconsider our understandings and look at other possibilities. What Cremo and Thompson reveal indicates that human evolutionary development is other than we currently believe, and not just in a minor way that can be easily disregarded.
Because of the extensiveness of the archeological evidence presented by Cremo and Thompson, I will only list some of the more remarkable items they present in their book, and encourage readers to investigate this area further for themselves for a more detailed analysis of these findings.
The following are finds that occurred in the Americas, and reveal that humans did not arrive in that part of the world as late as ten to twelve thousand years ago, as is commonly believed, but have inhabited the American continents for as long as anywhere else on the planet:
- In 1830, at a quarry near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a marble block was discovered at a depth of sixty to seventy feet underground, on which was engraved letter-like shapes having straight edges and sharp corners, signifying advanced human design. No date is given for the approximate age of this artifact, since there were no dating methods available at that time, but it would have to be millions of years old, given the depth it was buried.
- In 1852, Scientific American reported the discovery of a florally decorated metallic vessel amongst the rubble of solid stone that was dynamited in Dorchester, Massachusetts. The stone it was embedded in is dated to over 600 million years old.
- In 1862, in Illinois, human bones were found ninety feet deep in an underground coal bed capped by two feet of slate. The bones were dated to between 286 and 320 million years old.
- In 1866, in a mine on Bald Hill, in Calaveras County, California, a human skull was found one hundred and thirty feet below the surface in a gravel bed that lay beneath several layers of volcanic material. The position of the skull dates it to between 9 and 55 million years old.
- A slate wall was reported to have been discovered in a coal mine at Hammondville, in Ohio, in 1868. It was reported to have several lines of hieroglyphics on its surface. No age for this discovery is given.
- In 1870, a number of artifacts were discovered at deep levels underground in Illinois, including a coin brought up from a drilling well after penetrating 125 feet down through eleven different layers of strata. Another crudely machined coin was discovered about ten years later at a depth of 114 feet, and was dated at between 200,000 and 400,000 years old. Further discoveries dug up in Illinois include a large copper ring or ferrule found at 120 feet, a metal hook, a metal hatchet at forty feet, and stone pipes and pottery at between ten and fifty feet. Dates for those objects found at 120 feet can vary greatly, in some places being about 50,000 years old, while in other places being as much as 410 million years old.
- In 1889, a small clay figurine of a human form of exquisite artistry was discovered at the 300 foot level of a well boring in Nampa, Idaho. It has been noted that this figurine is very similar to those found in France that are attributed to the Aurignacian line of Cro-Magnon man. The rock strata that the figurine came from is dated to 2 million years old.
- In 1891, an eight carat gold chain was discovered embedded in a piece of coal by a woman in Morrisonville, Illinois. The coal was dated at between 260 and 320 million years old.
- In 1896, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, a modern human skull was found at a depth of 36 feet below the bed of the La Plata River. It has been dated to be from 1 to 1.5 million years old.
- In 1897, an unusual block of stone was found at a depth of 130 feet in a coal mine in Iowa. The stone is approximately two feet by one foot by four inches. Its surface is covered by lines forming diamond patterns, and a human face bearing an indentation in the forehead is depicted in the center of each diamond. The stratum it was found in is considered to be between 360 and 408 million years old.
- A fossilized piece of a shoe sole was discovered in a rock formation in Nevada in the early twentieth century. Well-defined threading that had attached the welt to the sole was clearly visible. Within this was another distinct line of sewing following the outline of the first. An indentation could be seen where a foot heel had worn down the upper part of the sole. This fossil is dated to at least 5 million years old.
- In 1912, an iron cup was discovered inside a large piece of coal that came from mines in Oklahoma. The Oklahoma Geological Survey dates the coal at about 312 million years old.
- In 1928, a concrete block wall was discovered by a miner named Mathis, who was working two miles deep in a mine shaft a few miles north of Heavener, Oklahoma. He reported that he made his discovery in coal mine No. 5, room 24. The blocks were all twelve inch cubes that were perfectly polished to a mirror-like sheen. It was found that the blocks were filled with loose gravel when one of them was chipped open. The strata that the wall was found in is dated to at least 286 million years old. Also found by miners at this site was a barrel-shaped block of silver.
- In 1932, stone tools were found in the area of Black’s Fork River in Wyoming that date to at least 150,000 years ago.
- In 1938, in Rockcastle County, Kentucky, it was first reported of the discovery of human-like footprints in an ancient beach of sand, dated to at least 360 million years old. Other evidence of a similar human-like creature from that same time period has also been found in surrounding areas.
- In 1950, a man named George Carter discovered hearths and crude stone tools at the Texas Street excavation in San Diego, California, that date to at least 80,000 BC.
- In mines that extend deeply under Table Mountain in California, mortars, pestles, spearheads, a stone hatchet, part of a human skull, etc., have been found by a number of different people. Most of these artifacts have been dated to between 33 and 55 million years old, while others are dated to between 9 and 55 million years old.
- On another occasion, in 1955 or 1956, an entire human skeleton was discovered in a mine under Table Mountain. The location of the find in the rock strata dates it to between 33 and 55 million years old.
- In the 1960s, stone tools of advanced workmanship were discovered at Hueyatlaco in Mexico, and were dated by a team of geologists working for the US Geological Survey – using four different methods – at 250,000 years old.
The following finds are from the European continent:
- In the latter part of the eighteenth century, a quarry at Aix-en-Provence, in France, having dug down fifty feet and penetrated eleven beds of compact limestone, produced artifacts that included coins, hammer handles, and other fragments of tools, as well as a wooden board, one inch thick and seven to eight feet long, all of which reveal the former presence of advanced human activity. The approximate date of these finds is not given, but would extend millions of years into the past.
- A nail, with its head buried in a block of sandstone and its tip projecting out, was discovered in Kingoodie quarry, in Scotland, in the mid-1800s. The sandstone dates to between 360 and 408 million years old.
- In 1844, a gold thread was found embedded in a stone that was buried eight feet underground. The British Geological Survey dates the stone to between 320 and 360 million years old.
- In the 1850s, at Savona, Italy, a modern human skeleton was found, dated to between 3 and 4 million years old.
- In 1855, a modern human jaw was found at Foxhall, England. It was buried at a depth of sixteen feet, and has been dated to at least 2.5 million years old.
- In 1880, bones belonging to modern humans, including a complete skeleton, were found buried in a clay bed at Castenedolo, southeast of Brascia. The clay bed that these bones were found in dates to between 5 and 25 million years old.
- In 1888, at Galley Hill near London, England, a modern human skeleton was discovered firmly embedded in deposits eight feet below the surface. The strata it was found in dates to about 330 thousand years old.
- In the late nineteenth century, a man named Carlos Ribeiro discovered near Lisbon, Portugal, hand-worked flint tools embedded in rock strata dating from between 15 to 20 million years old.
- In 1907, A. Rutot, conservator of the Royal Museum of Natural History in Brussels, discovered hand-worked stone tools in the Ardennes region of Belgium, dating from 25 to 38 million years old.
- In the late 1960s, at Terra Amata in France, post holes and stone circles were discovered that dated to about 400,000 years old. Bone tools and stone implements were also found.
- In 1968, semi-ovoid metallic tubes were reported to have been discovered in a chalk bed at Saint Jean de Livet, France, which dates to at least 65 million years old.
- The March 5th, 1909 edition of the Phoenix Gazette featured a front-page article about a discovery made in the Grand Canyon by a person named G. E. Kinkaid. What had been found was a tunnel leading to a series of caverns and tunnels that had been hewn out of the solid rock. The main tunnel, almost a mile in length and almost fifteen hundred feet down the sheer canyon wall and about two thousand feet above the riverbed, led to a large chamber, from which other tunnels led still further in all directions. Several hundred rooms were reached from the tunnels leading from the main tunnel. Also found were a number of mummies stored on tiers of shelves within a large crypt, as well as weapons, a variety of tools that were made from a type of copper that was as hard as steel, artistically designed vases and urns made of copper and gold, glazed and enameled pottery, and tablets containing strange hieroglyphic writing that was also found over doorways. A Buddha-like idol, having oriental-looking features and sitting cross-legged with a flower in each hand, was also discovered. No date has been obtained for the age of this site, nor is it certain who built it, and it has been quietly forgotten and restricted access to the area has kept it from being investigated further.
Most or all of the discoveries listed above were originally discounted on the basis that they didn’t fit with the expected evolutionary chain of development that scientists have come to believe humans took. Such anomalous evidence is carefully screened out of the archeological record so that what we’re presented with in textbooks on human evolution is misleading and has been forced to fit Darwinian evolutionary theory. Most often, it’s the opinions of the experts or authorities who the finds come into the hands of that determine the find’s authenticity, and once those parties make a decision, no further considerations are ever made. What is acceptable to evolutionary theory becomes extensively promoted and enshrined in museums, while what is not acceptable is quickly dismissed and soon forgotten, locked away in dusty storage rooms or lost completely. However, what we learn from Cremo and Thompson’s reanalysis of a large number of discoveries, some of which I’ve listed here, is evidence that anatomically modern humans or human-like beings have walked on the Earth for hundreds of millions of years, and have left behind both skeletal remains and artifacts that show an advanced level of capability that appears to be equivalent to some of our own.
In considering this in respect to the bigger picture that I am outlining in these pages, that our planet goes through periodic upheavals that have destroyed past civilizations, the evidence presented in this chapter (and much more extensively in Forbidden Archeology) offers a great deal of support. The evidence that I’ve listed suggests that human civilizations have come and gone for millions of years, rather than only in the relatively short span of ten thousand or so years that is more commonly believed.