PART II: SIGNS
by Anthony Forwood (2011)
14: Megalithic Signs of Previous Civilizations
There is a wealth of evidence in existence showing that civilizations with certain technological advancements have previously existed on our planet, but which disappeared prior to the rise of our own known civilizations, which began sometime between 8,000 BC and 5,000 BC. Some of these earlier prehistoric civilizations left their mark in the form of megalithic stone structures such as the familiar sites of the Great Pyramid in Egypt, Stonehenge, and the giant statues of Easter Island. Many other lesser known structures also exist throughout the world as well, some of them found in very remote locations where modern man has only barely explored. Taken all together, these stone megaliths bear testament to the existence of a people of some advancement who lived on Earth long before the beginning of our own recorded history.
These structures were built out of great stone blocks that often weighed hundreds of tons and were often quarried many miles from where they were to be used in construction. They often appear to be cut with such precision that when fitted together they leave no gaps whatsoever between them. How they were cut, shaped, moved, lifted, and set so precisely into position is still unexplainable and beyond even our modern capabilities. Whatever civilization or civilizations built these structures that have been found around many parts of the planet had to have achieved a technological level that surpasses our own in many ways.
Who built each of these stone megaliths, and for what purpose, has puzzled scientists since their discoveries, and this has been partly due to their attempt to fit them into a framework of understanding that is largely inaccurate. Before we consider any alternative framework, we should first consider some of these structures and the peculiarities surrounding them.
The following are descriptions of just a few of these sites and some of the interesting characteristics of them that lend support to the idea that a great civilization prior to our own may have at one time existed on our planet, or that we have been visited by another civilization in the far past. More sites like the ones listed are being discovered every year, many of them submerged beneath the ocean waters where we are only now beginning to explore.
Nan Madol is an ancient stone structure located in an isolated portion of the western Pacific Ocean, located 1,000 miles north of New Guinea and 2,300 miles south of Japan. Many portions of this complex megalithic structure are hidden under 75 feet of ocean water, with at least one portion disappearing further beneath the sandy ocean floor to a depth of 95 feet below the water’s surface. This indicates that this ancient structure might have existed as far back as 10 - 12,000 years ago, at the end of the last ice age when ocean levels are believed to have been much lower. It is equally possible, however, that tectonic activity, such as from an extremely large cataclysmic event, caused the land around Nan Madol to sink.
The structure at Nan Madol, consisting of a large number of rectangular islets and towers covering 1.6 square miles of the ancient site’s center with 11 square miles of outlying structures, rises up from the ocean’s depths in a continuity of construction, indicating that the upper portions were not a later addition, but were a part of the original design. The estimated 250 million tons of basalt stones used in the construction of this site (the same weight in stone as the Great Pyramid) range in size from about 5 tons to approximately 60 tons each. These stones were cut into prismatic shapes (quadrangular, pentagonal, and hexagonal) and stacked in crossed layers, making up walls that were more than twelve feet thick. Like most of the other ancient stone structures still being discovered around the world, the mystery of how these stones were transported and erected into place is barely conceivable, since even today’s largest cranes would be presented with a challenge in attempting such a feat of construction. The source of these basalt stones has never been found. Nor do they show any signs of tooling to indicate how they were cut. Interestingly, local legends of the area describe how these stones were flown or levitated into position with the aid of a ‘flying dragon’ by two sorcerers who originated from a far-off land in the west that had suffered a catastrophic upheaval. This description of the builders levitating the stones into place is repeated in the legends of several other cultures regarding similar megalithic wonders, as we’ll see. A possible means of how this was accomplished will also be presented in a later part of this book, when we look at the ancient sciences in relation to these megalithic structures.
A network of corridors have been carved into the submerged coral bed, presumably for ships running along the canals, and a long tunnel penetrates the coral and runs half a mile to the outer reef surrounding the site. Other tunnels have been found leading through the reef to underwater caves.
Few artifacts have ever been found at Nan Madol that would identify the culture that built this site. No carving, relief, petroglyph, statue, sculpture, tool, weapon, decoration, or other sign of habitation of any kind has yet been found at this ancient site. Like most of the other megalithic structures that we will consider, this one cannot be associated with any known peoples. The only leads to go on come from ancient legends about this area, which describe the two sorcerer-builders and their descendents as fair-hearted men who were tall in stature.
James Churchward, in studying certain ancient records while on duty in India in the 1870s, learned of an ancient civilization that once existed in a land called Mu, which was said to have been a great empire that spanned the Pacific ten thousand years ago. The people were described as both technologically and spiritually advanced, with a thriving society that were capable of traveling around the globe. According to these records, the land of Mu suffered a major natural catastrophe and was consumed by the ocean waters more than ten thousand years ago. Although this is very similar to the legend of Atlantis, Mu was located on the opposite side of the planet. However, it is very possible that the two civilizations had existed at the same time, and were both destroyed by the same cataclysmic event. As we’ll see, the approximate date of 10,000 BC seems to mark the date of an actual cataclysm of global proportions that threw the human species into near extinction. Churchward believed that Nan Madol was a remnant part of this ancient civilization.
Accurate dating for this site has been virtually impossible using the usual organic methods (such as carbon-14 dating), because there are no remnants of organic material to be found there that can be used to date its origins, and any that have been found did not necessarily originate from the time of it’s construction, and may instead have come to be placed there a much later date. Estimated dates, based on the estimated variations in ocean levels during the end of the ice age, put this site’s construction date to before 10,000 BC.
It was discovered by the author/investigator David Hatcher Childress that the basalt stones used in the construction of this site are magnetized, but not in any natural way. Their magnetic field had somehow been reconfigured into a corkscrew pattern, which would amplify the power of any piezoelectric discharge by swinging it around in a narrowing, tightening circuit, focusing a corona discharge beam towards the sky. This suggests that the builders of Nan Madol had a technological purpose for this site, and knew something about Earth energies that our scientists are only beginning to learn about.
Japanese exploration of the site resulted in the discovery of eight-foot long platinum ‘coffins’ beneath the stone floor. These receptacles were sealed watertight, but were found to be empty. Platinum is not naturally found anywhere in the Pacific. Its nearest source lies 2,200 miles away in Borneo. The purpose of these receptacles is speculative, but may be tied to the strange characteristics of the magnetized basalt that makes up the main structure of the site. Platinum has extreme electrical resistance, dampening the accumulation of energy, so this may have some significance.
It has been observed by many people visiting this site that there is often a blue corona discharge coming from it, a phenomenon that is similarly seen in the Andes Mountains of South America, where it’s known as the ‘Andes Glow’. This discharge in the Andes region is known to be caused by tectonic pressures that accumulate beneath heavy masses of crystalline rock. When crystals and similar crystalline substances are squeezed or bent, the tension releases electrical energy known as piezoelectricity. This energy can manifest itself as a corona discharge if enough tension is applied.
Nan Madol happens to be situated at a location where hurricanes and typhoons tend to originate, and it has recently been shown that these sort of weather patterns are reliant on electromagnetic forces, rather than on the temperature differences between cold air and warm ocean water and the heat exchange between them, as was previously believed. The electromagnetic force required for such weather patterns to occur may very well have been purposely dissipated by the corona discharges at Nan Madol in order to dissipate violent weather and cause the downpour of rain needed for agriculture on the coastal lands to the west. No other explanation is currently available that would explain the purpose of this isolated megalithic construction with its unique features and lack of cultural artifacts.
Like many of the other megalithic structures that will be considered here, it’s quite conceivable that Nan Madol was erected in response to a planetary cataclysm by peoples from an advanced civilization in an attempt to stave off violent weather patterns or otherwise control natural Earth energies. No better explanation exists for this rather unique structure.
A deeper story surrounds the mysterious site of Nan Madol that will explain why it was built but was apparently never inhabited, and perhaps this might be understood in terms of a cataclysmic event. One possibility that comes immediately to mind is that the entire site has been washed clean of any signs of habitation with a number of tsunami waves that have struck it over the millennia.
More isolated than anywhere else on Earth, Easter Island is located in the Pacific Ocean some 2,500 miles southeast of Nan Madol and lies about the same distance off the west coast of South America. It is known not only for its megalithic stonework, but also for its unique written language.
Some of the stone blocks used in the ancient structures built on Easter Island are so precisely fitted that a knife blade cannot be inserted between them.
Some of the architecture of Easter Island and that found in Cuzco, Peru, are virtually identical, as is the meaning of the early native name for Easter Island, Te-Pito-te-Hanua, and the meaning of the name Cuzco, which both translate to ‘navel of the world’. Not only that, but the earliest people known to inhabit this island distinguished themselves by distending their earlobes, just as the aristocrats of Peru once did in ancient times. There are many other similarities between ancient Peruvian culture and that of Easter Island, which suggest the two cultures were of the same origin.
The style of certain petroglyph drawings found on Easter Island are identical to those found in the Nazca Desert – a unicursal style executed in one continuous, unbroken line that is rarely encountered anywhere beyond the eastern Pacific and parts of South America.
The early natives of Easter Island worshipped a sun god, which they named Ra, which is the same name for the sun in Hawaiian mythology, but is more commonly recognized as the name for the sun god of Egyptian mythology. This name is also found among a variety of other ancient cultures that once existed throughout the world. These similarities are a very important, though much overlooked, piece of evidence for understanding the extent of our true human history.
It appears that the ancient civilization that existed on Easter Island predated that of Peruvian civilization. For instance, the Easter Islanders had a written language where that of Peru did not, and the cyclopean walls erected on Easter Island are much older than their counterparts in Cuzco. These facts suggest that the cultural influences may have spread from the island to the continent, rather than the other way around, as some believe.
It seems, moreover, that both cultures were actually influenced by an identical outside source, rather than one of them influencing the other. Both of them shared a traditional belief that peoples arriving from a distant land in the remote past founded their civilization. This founding society, according to the ancient legends of Easter Island, came from a vast and highly populated land of temples, cyclopean buildings, extensive roadways, and ceremonial plazas. According to these island legends, this founding society brought with it everything necessary for permanent settlement. This is said to have included a library consisting of sixty-seven inscribed tablets bearing geneologies, histories, religious texts, and information on botany, agriculture, medicine, and astronomy. These legends also state that soon after their arrival, earthquakes, hurricanes, and meteorite showers destroyed the land that these people had originated from, causing it to sink into the sea. In simpler terms, they had escaped a major cataclysm, and were its survivors.
The legendary founding father of the Easter Island people, Mutu, and the founding father of the Peruvian civilization at Cuzco, Con-Tiki-Veracocha, were both said to be missing a finger, and were both survivors of a deluge.
A correlation also exists between the ancient written language of Easter Island and that of the Indus Valley, which not only lie 13,000 miles apart on opposite sides of the planet, but also 2,100 years apart in time with no overlap, the Easter Island civilization arising that many years after the Indus Valley civilization. Between these two written languages, they share 174 identical or virtually identical glyphs out of a combined total of 745: 226 Indus Valley signs and their variations, and 519 Easter Island signs with many more variants. Both are written in the same peculiar manner, with alternate lines of script running in opposite directions. There is no indication of either language showing any signs of development over time, and seem to have appeared already fully developed in both locations. The only way to account for this is that they both stemmed from a single earlier civilization.
We have already noted that Easter Island lies almost exactly on the opposite side of the planet from Mohenjo Daro in the Indus Valley. The Solomon Islands are situated exactly between these two points, where are found similar examples of the Easter Island/Indus Valley script language. It should also be noted that halfway between Easter Island and Mohenjo Daro, in the opposite direction, lies the probable location of the ancient civilization of Atlantis, as described by Plato.
There is also a correlation between the Easter Island glyphs and the picture-writing of the Cuna Indians of Panama, 3,250 miles away. Although there are fewer similarities than the Indus Valley counterpart, they are still remarkably alike.
The founders of the ancient Easter Island civilization are described in their legends as red-haired and light skinned. Genetic testing of the unexplainable presence of a Caucasian people in the Pacific during prehistory shows that Basque genes were among the early island population. The Basque people are regarded as direct descendants of a Stone Age people who occupied Europe and Britain between 40,000 and 3,000 years ago. They were the builders of the megaliths of Karnac. They are also possibly related to certain peoples in both Japan and China.
The famous statues of Easter Island, known as ‘moai’, number at about one thousand, and probably date back thousands of years, as indicated by the fact that many of them have become partially or totally buried under natural deposits of soil. It is believed that the original inhabitants of this island numbered no more than six thousand, meaning that there was one statue for every six people. These statues appear to have been created within a fairly short time, rather than over centuries, because of their uniformity of design, which would have likely changed to some degree over a longer period of time. This, coupled with the small population of the island’s early civilization, indicates that the statues must have been created and erected at a much earlier date than when these six thousand or so inhabitants existed. Some of these statues were erected on top of stone platforms. About 260 of these platforms encircle the coastline with precise orientations to various positions of the sun. These stone statues weigh between 14 and 200 tons each, and no explanation can be given for how they could have been erected atop their platforms without marking or chipping either the statues or the platforms they rest upon. Local legends describe how these statues were made to walk to their current positions through the power of a supernatural force conjured by the priests, which is remarkably similar to the legends of Nan Madol, where it is said that the great stones there were magically flown into position by two sorcerers. A similar legend surrounds Stonehenge. Also similar to Nan Madol is the fact that crystalline rock was used, and Easter Island, situated at the precise intersection of two major fault lines, offers the same piezoelectric conditions as found at Nan Madol. It is very possible that these stone statues were erected in the manner that they were in order to transform the energy of earthquakes into electrical energy, reducing much of the seismic activity in the area.
The founders of the island’s early civilization brought with them, along with the inscribed tablets mentioned earlier, a sacred stone called the ‘Te-pito-te-Kura’, or ‘navel of light’. This rock is an oblate spheroid of dense crystalline volcanic rock that measures 75 centimeters by 45 centimeters. This rock may have functioned as part of the anti-earthquake device just discussed, and if so would have radiated a corona discharge of electrically excited particles similar to that at Nan Madol.
Certain island legends claim that one of the early tribes (known as the ‘long ears’) stood about eight feet tall, were fair-skinned and had red hair. The height of these people will be of some relevance when we come to later sections of this text.
It should also be noted that the ancient Easter Island custom of ear elongation has also been found among the ancient Incan culture of Peru, as well as among the royal families of the ancient Indus Valley cultures in prehistoric times. It is most commonly seen in depictions of the Buddha. This suggests another possible tie between these three otherwise distinct cultures.
Kunie (Isle of Pines)
This island is situated among the Pacific islands of French Polynesia, and is the only place in all of Oceania that has stands of ancient pine trees, which encircle its coast.
Although not megaliths, four hundred artificial mounds dot this island, and each of these, when excavated, were discovered to contain cement cylinders that were composed of extremely hard, homogenous lime mortar interspersed with bits of shell, and the exterior speckled with silica and iron gravel fragments. These cylinders measure between two feet and forty inches across, by three feet to over nine feet in length. These cylinders were centered beneath each mound and stood vertically. Repeated radiocarbon dating of these cylinders reveals that they were made sometime between 5120 BC and 10,950 BC. There is no indication that these mounds were used for burial, habitation, or ceremonial purposes. The high iron content of these cylinders suggest that they may have had a similar technological purpose to that evidenced at Nan Madol and Easter Island, which continues the theme of advanced Earth technologies of some sort being used in very ancient times to stabilize a changing environment.
Lying 1,400 miles east of Kunie, Tonga is another island in the Pacific, and is the location of another ancient megalithic mystery. Here can be found an ancient stone gate or archway that stands fifteen feet high and eighteen feet across. It is constructed of three huge, rough-hewn stones, together weighing a total of 109 tons. The two vertical columns are notched at the top and cradle a nine-ton lentil stone. As with other ancient stone constructions, there is no explanation for how this structure was erected, or why. No similar structures to this one are to be found anywhere else in Oceania. It was discovered in 1967 that the lentil stone of this trilithon has a line carved into it that is oriented to sunrise on the summer solstice.
The island’s prehistoric capital, named Mu’a, was encircled by an immense canal, which today is between thirty to thirty-six feet deep, but has been partially filled in by silt over thousands of years. A number of pyramidal structures stand nearby. One particular stone block used in the construction of a platform structure is more than twenty-one feet long and weighs an estimated forty metric tons. This stone is inserted into a wall that is 666 feet long, and is notched so as to fit with its neighboring stone like a piece in a puzzle. This wall is unmortared, and is erected in a jigsaw fashion that makes it able to withstand earthquakes.
The ancient wharf at Mu’a is too high to be of any use nowadays, and the sea level at the time it was built is believed to have been three feet higher. The last time vessels could have used the wharf would have been some two thousand years ago. Compare this to Nan Madol, which is believed to have been built when water levels were much lower. We might ask ourselves how the ocean levels could be so much lower 12,000 years ago around Nan Madol, and then three feet higher than they are today, only a few thousand years ago. It doesn’t seem accurate if we’re to base the dating of Nan Madol only on our ice age theories. A change in local elevations due to upheavals of tectonic plates seems to be a more reasonable conclusion.
Interestingly, the tribal chiefs that built the structures on Tonga were themselves known as Mu’a, which is translated as ‘men from Mu’, which is a direct connection to the ancient legends of Atlantis and Lemuria.
These islands are located 7,750 miles from Easter Island and 3,700 miles from Tonga. At Guam, Tinian, Saipan, and Rota are ancient monuments known as lat’te stones, which refers to legendary ‘Spirits of the Before-Time People’, who are said to have arrived over the sea in ancient times (recall what was similarly claimed in the ancient legends of Easter island). The age of these monuments is unknown, but archeological findings confirm that these islands were first inhabited 3,000 years ago. These stones were hewn out of rough, metamorphosed coral, and stand an average of fourteen feet high and are comprised of two parts, consisting of a truncated pyramidal pedestal and an inverted hemispherical capstone, which together weigh about thirty tons. Most of these megaliths are lined up in double rows that are seven feet apart and fifty-five feet long and run along both riverbanks and shoreline, suggesting some purpose that relates to water. This, and their two-part body and capstone structure, bear a certain resemblance to the statues of Easter Island, and may have served a similar purpose.
The means for erecting these stones are just as mysterious as they are at so many other sites around the globe. If modern theories regarding the method of construction of such megaliths are to be believed, they still don’t account for how such construction methods became so widely used among otherwise isolated peoples. The only reasonable explanation for this seems to be that the knowledge and ability to do so stemmed from a single originating civilization that has since vanished, save for these lingering stone remnants.
An indication that aerial flight may have been possible so long ago is presented at the famous site of Nazca in Peru, where immense line drawings have been scraped into the ground that can only be properly seen from the air. These drawings depict a variety of animals and symbolic patterns, as well as trapezoids, triangles, squares, and other geometrical shapes, with a number of absolutely straight lines that extend unwaveringly for hundreds of miles distance. There is no current explanation for these immense lines and drawings, nor of how they could have been drawn to such large scales from a ground perspective.
These lines and drawings were first made popular by Erich von Daniken in his book Chariots of the Gods?, in which he speculated that the long straight lines were runways for aerial craft. This has since been shown to be improbable, mainly due to the fact that these lines are created by scraping a few inches of the darker top layer of soil to expose the contrasting lighter color of the lower layers, and any aircraft would have disturbed the ground and obliterated the lines as they landed or took off. However, it could be that they are indicators marking the directions to important locations on the planet, or astronomical markers, and these possibilities need to be investigated further. Another suggestion is that they’re related to ley lines, similar to those found in Great Britain, and were somehow used by the ancients to tap into the Earth’s energies.
The Nazca lines are believed to have been created by the people who were last known to inhabit the area, between about 350 BC and 600 AD, but may have originated from a much earlier culture that existed in the area as far back as 10,000 BC. However, it appears that the animal drawings were created at a later time than the patterns of straight lines, so two different cultures seem to have been involved. Although the Nazca lines might be questionable as to being signs of a prehistoric civilization, they shouldn’t be completely ruled out as insignificant, since they still might offer a clue to our hidden past, and so they are included here. As we’ll see, the creators of the Nazca lines may have been survivors of a great disaster, or perhaps they’re even the markings of a long-past civilization of god-like beings with advanced technologies that predated the human species. Although the public is conditioned to rule this out as unrealistic speculation not worthy of serious consideration, we shouldn’t allow this to cause us to reflexively exclude it, and should instead keep an open mind as we explore the evidence further.
We should also give mention to the ‘Candlestick of the Andes’, a carving near the town of Paracas, one hundred miles north of Nazca, that’s over 800 feet long, cut into the rock of a steep cliff face and visible as far as twelve miles out from the Peruvian coast. It closely resembles a candlestick or trident, with three main forks, each having several much shorter branches protruding from them, and which seems to point towards the Nazca Plain. Very thick ropes were discovered by the early Spaniards to have been attached to each of the three forks, and it’s been variously suggested that it was at one time a tidal calculator, or a gigantic seismograph. The similarity of this carving to a trident suggests that this might have been the creation of followers of the legendary god Poseidon/Neptune, who Plato tells us was the god of Atlantis.
Aside from Nazca and the ‘Candlestick of the Andes’, other immense line drawings have been found along the western coast of the Americas, from California to the Chilean highlands, most of them only noticeable from the air. They seem to suggest that whoever made them were hoping to signal someone traveling high overhead. Could these have been signals from the survivors of a great cataclysm that destroyed a civilization that had been capable of flight? Or could the makers of these drawings have been aware of other beings who flew about in craft much like we see in our skies today and refer to as UFOs? We shouldn’t be too quick to discount these ideas, since there is even further evidence of this possibility.
Lying under the waters off the coast of Yonaguni Island in Japan’s Ryukyu archipelago, is one of the latest mysterious megalithic stone structures to have been discovered in our modern times. These structures were only discovered in 1986 – 1987, and very little study has been made of them so far, although three geologists (Dr. Masaaki Kimura, Dr. Robert Schoch, and Dr. Wolf Wichmann) and one archeologist (Dr, Sri Sundaresh) have each made diving expeditions to investigate the site. Between these four scientists, we have the best opinions available on the matter of whether this site is manmade. Two of them – Kimura and Sundaresh – are convinced that it is, while Wichmann believes that it’s a natural formation, and Schoch remains undecided. Schoch was the man who, along with Egyptologist John Anthony West, raised the controversial issue regarding the age of the Sphinx, based on signs of water erosion. It may be that because of that controversy, Schoch has become reluctant to jeopardize his career further, and so is unwilling to give a definite response, but if this is the case, then his response would obviously fall in line with those of Kimura and Sundaresh.
The evidence that this is a manmade structure includes straight walls of large, neatly stacked stones; stone tablets that appear to be inscribed with writing or symbols; finely crafted stone tools; a relief carving of an animal; deep symmetrical trenches on the upper portions of the structure; large, regularly spaced steps (with perfectly straight edges and near-right-angle cuts); flat, open terraces; what appears to have been a large canal; a carved roadway that runs along the structures base; and signs of maintenance and repair. There is also a monolith carved into a head that faces out onto a large terraced area, which suggests that this may have once been a place of worship.
There are also a number of caves at the site, known as the ‘Palace’, within one of which has been found what appear to be further carvings. What they are of has not been determined, but certain marks are similar to those found at other sites related to the ancient Jomon culture of that area. These caves are entered through a number of holes in its roof, as well as a lower entranceway further down on the monument. From this first small chamber, a small natural looking doorway leads into another more spacious chamber that is illuminated by openings in its roof. The undamaged western wall is composed of huge megalithic stones that support the stone slabs that make up its ceiling. About midway along this chamber it narrows to form another doorway with what appears to be a lentil stone lying across its top. This leads into a third chamber, which, unlike the other two that are formed out of stone blocks, is hewn out of natural coralline limestone. It the end of this chamber is a distinctly squared off alcove that rises up to create an exit in its roof. It is very unlikely that these chambers were formed naturally, since the last chamber is hewn out of a different type of rock than the other two, and all three doorways that connect them together are aligned perfectly.
Samples of coralline algae that had been attached to this structure has been carbon-dated to six thousand years old. This means that the structure itself is at least that old. It must be remembered that the algae was able to grow there only after the site had become submerged, so if it was once above the waters, it would have had to be much older still.
Machu Picchu and Other Incan Ruins
The greatest mystery of the Incas lies in what they were sitting on, and where it came from, rather than anything about the people themselves. There are three things in particular that are a mystery about the Inca civilization that are of interest to us here: the megalithic architecture, the apparently vast tunnel systems, and their abundance of gold. The Incan empire covered a large region that was littered with megalithic structures that were attributed to them but quite obviously originate from a much older civilization. A labyrinthine tunnel system exists that connects many of these structures, and have never been properly investigated, so, like the megaliths, shouldn’t be attributed to any particular peoples of the known world. They may just be ancient Incan gold mines, but they may also have originated from an earlier time. The Incas, who had amassed an incredible amount of gold that they had fashioned into all manner of objects and stockpiled in the form of gold bars, had to have obtained the gold from somewhere, and the extensive tunnels, although perhaps not all dug by the Incas, may have been its source. The conquering Spaniards are said to have only gotten a tiny portion of the entire Incan treasure, and other than perhaps a few minor finds that may have been made from time to time since then, the greater part of this Incan treasure has never been found. Or if it has, nobody is talking.
The Peruvian landscape is littered with ancient megalithic stone structures that are attributed to the Incas, but are undoubtedly from a much earlier time and had been taken possession of by the Incas only much later. We’ll look at the most famous of these first.
Machu Picchu, perched high atop a mountain peak at eight thousand feet above sea level in the Andes mountain range of Peru, is one of the most enigmatic stone structures still in existence that may have its origins in a time much further in the past than we realize. It is located sixty miles from Cuzco, and only the local natives knew about it until the archeologist Hiram Bingham III discovered its existence in 1911. Like many of the stone structures attributed to the Incas, Machu Picchu reveals two distinct architectural styles that suggest that the parts of these structures that used larger stones cut with their distinct odd angles were built by an earlier culture now lost to history, while the Incas added on to it in their more primitive style of using smaller rectangular blocks.
Although the site is commonly dated to about the fifteenth century AD, Professor Rolf Muller of Potsdam has dated it to between 4,000 BC and 2,000 BC, based on astronomical alignments. The cyclopean blocks cut and laid with such precision show a relationship with other incredibly megalithic structures around the world. The stones that were used in the construction of Machu Picchu were brought from other locations, meaning that they had to have somehow been brought up the sheer mountain face. Some of these blocks are estimated to weigh as much as two hundred tons. We don’t have the technology to achieve such a feat today, so it’s highly problematic to conceive of the Incas or anyone else having achieved it. Only if we accept that some other highly advanced civilization from much further back in time (or from a still unrecognized location) erected these structures can we begin to make any sense of them.
The Andes Mountains rise up out of the ground almost vertically, extending thousands of feet straight up into the air like giant shards of jagged stone that have accumulated a lush green coat of plant growth. Their slopes are incredibly steep, and torrential rivers run through many of their deep and narrow valleys, making much of the area virtually impenetrable. Machu Picchu is located in a region of the globe that is very isolated, and its position atop a mountain peak makes it easily defendable and hard to detect. The site itself is commonly believed to have been built as a remote estate for the ancient Incan ruler Pachacuti, although it appears that it was used as a religious center as well. Architectural details show that the inhabitants of this site were self-sustaining, with natural hot and cold springs that provided running water, and terraced areas set aside for crops and pastures. A small population could have conceivably existed here in complete isolation from the rest of the world and never be discovered. Incan rulers were also high-priests and claimed to be divinely chosen, so it may be that Machu Picchu was a place where at one time the gods came down from the sky to interact with their human proxies. It might also be that the unusual location of Machu Picchu was chosen for another reason that involved an ancient science now almost completely lost.
The Andes are composed mostly of solid granite rock, which is high in quartz. This means that they are made of a semi-crystalline material, and will have properties similar to a quartz crystal. As already mentioned, the Andes mountains are famously known to sometimes emit a blue corona, known as the ‘Andes Glow’, and this is because these giant slabs of granite that jut skyward are being squeezed between two tectonic plates, which causes them to give off a piezoelectric discharge, just as is known to happen with a quartz crystal when put under pressure. Could this knowledge have been utilized in some way as an ancient technology, and did Machu Picchu at one time have a special purpose related to this energy discharge?
Tiahuanaco, near the western border of Bolivia at Lake Titicaca, is another megalithic Incan city with its real origins in much earlier times. The Incas told the arriving Spaniards that they had found this ruined city and weren’t its original builders, yet it has continued to be attributed to them. Although a great deal of this city has been destroyed over the centuries, some of what once existed here, such as a large number of incredibly lifelike statues in all manner of poses, were written about before the Spaniards destroyed them, testifying that this site was from a much more advanced civilization than that of the Incas. A few of these statues still remain, and interestingly, they have six fingers and six toes, which is an oddity that will come up again later in this book. Many of the stone blocks used in its construction are colossal in size – as much as 440 tons – paralleling those of other ancient sites around the world. Although this site is at an elevation of over twelve thousand feet above sea level, there are signs that it was once a coastal port, which indicates that it must have risen to its current elevation during some incredible upheaval in the past. Taking into account certain astronomical alignments built into this site, Professor Arthur Posnansky, an authority on Tiahuanaco, has suggested that it must have been constructed at around 15,000 BC. However, because of pressure from his contemporaries, he was later willing to reduce this date to either 4,500 BC or 10,500 BC. Still remarkably early, and outside of any period that the known peoples of that area could have built this structure.
Another interesting feature of Tiahuanaco is the ‘Gateway of the Sun’, a single block of stone (now cracked in two but still standing) measuring ten feet high by twelve and a half feet across, with a doorway cut through it, similar to the famous Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France. Among the many carved images that decorate this monolith are those of elephants and toxodons, the latter being a hippopotamus-like creature that lived in the area no later than 10,000 BC. The elephants were thus probably depictions of Cuvieronius, an elephant-like creature that existed in the area at the same time as the toxodons. Depictions of these creatures have also been found on pottery in the area. How could the people who carved these images have known about such creatures unless they had seen them? Surely there was a civilization existing there at a time that all the evidence is pointing to.
Near Tiahuanaco is Puma Punka, the site of a ruined megalithic structure that includes a water canal and vast shipping ports that could have easily docked hundreds of ships, and whose immense stones are now strewn around like children’s toy blocks. These stones weigh as much as three hundred tons, and have depressions showing that they were at one time locked together with metal clamps. These same metal clamps are seen to have been used at other megalithic sites around the world, such as at Stonehenge. Geometric designs are cut into the stones as well, such as triangles and crosses, perhaps simply as ornamental design, or perhaps having some more symbolic significance.
A mystery surrounds the destruction of Puma Punka. Although it is assumed that this megalithic site must have been destroyed in an earthquake, this leads us to wonder why Tiahuanaco, situated only a mile away, didn’t meet that same fate. Were they built at different times? Speculation has led to the possibility that Puma Punka originated from a time before a great cataclysm that raised the Andes mountain range and changed the elevations of the landmasses in the surrounding areas. Sea shells and fossils of sea creatures found in this highly elevated area reveal that these sites must have been on or near the shores of an ocean at one time, and huge salt flats high up in the altiplano regions testify to this fact as well. The evidence suggests that Tiahuanaco was built after a major cataclysm, while Puma Punka was built before it, and that Tiahuanaco may have been a resettlement of the more ancient site of Puma Punka. As we’ll see in other parts of this text, a once-great civilization may have existed where the Pacific Ocean now covers it with water, and survivors to its destruction may have journeyed to the Americas and elsewhere in the aftermath. We’ll also consider evidence that the legendary Atlantis may have also once existed to the east in the Atlantic, and which was also destroyed in a cataclysm that occurred at about the same time. The canal at Puma Punka may have connected the Pacific Ocean to an Amazonian sea before upheavals raised the entire landmass over two miles to the altitude that this site sits at today. The people who built Tiahuanaco may have been survivors of the ancient civilization known as Lemuria (or more simply as Mu), or they may have just as easily been survivors of an Atlantean continent to the east. This region of South America is just one more area of the globe bearing evidence of a great cataclysm that drastically altered the geography of our planet at a time when at least one, if not two, once-great civilizations existed, long before our own recorded history. It must be realized that the Americas stand between the locations of the two legendary civilizations of Atlantis and Lemuria, and may have been the destination for many of the survivors of one or both civilizations after their destruction in a global cataclysm.
Another telltale piece of evidence that these South American sites are remnants of a prehistoric civilization that was destroyed by a planetary cataclysm can be found under the waters of Lake Titicaca. Off its eastern shore, near Porto Acosta in Bolivia, is located the ruins of an ancient city. Although Jacques Cousteau explored these waters in 1973, he was apparently unsuccessful, and no further explorations have been conducted since then.
Another interesting fact that should be pointed out is that various ethnic cultures in the pre-Hispanic Andes region, including the Incas, performed cranial deformation techniques, called trepanning, in which they bound their infant’s heads using various devices while the skull was still relatively pliable. This tradition goes back at least three millennia, and was probably used to distinguish members of the royalty from the common folk. A common type of deformation in the highland areas is said to have been created by binding the infant’s head with cloth bands so that the skull was elongated and extended back further than normal. A photograph of one of these skulls can be found in Machu Picchu: Unveiling the Mystery of the Incas (Yale University Press, 2004), and it looks eerily like the cranium of the common ‘gray’ extraterrestrial beings that have been popularized in movies and on television. Why the Incas and other native South American cultures practiced this rather strange procedure on their offspring is unknown, but it was a tradition that went back to the time of the Inca’s origins. Is it so far-fetched to wonder if the original royalty of early South American cultures – those who brought civilization to the Americas from their own civilization – actually had naturally elongated craniums, and that this practice was carried out by their descendants who, through mixed genetics with the native peoples began to lose this characteristic, and desired to hang on to it as a symbol of their divine origins? Although the Incas don’t go back far enough to have been descendants of these early bringers of civilization, they may have adopted this practice from earlier cultures that were. Trepanning is known to have been practiced by various ancient cultures throughout the world, and appears to stem from very ancient customs wherever it has been found to have been practiced. Who could have originated it, and how did it come to be practiced in so many isolated cultures, and for what purpose?
Inca legends state that their origins began with the first Inca, Manco Capac, a white skinned man with red hair and beard (recall the description of the original inhabitants of Easter Island). He and a small group of men and women appeared at Lake Titicaca between the fourth and eighth centuries AD, and began to civilize the natives of the area and teach them their religious beliefs. The descendents of Manco Capac became the ruling elite, who thrived until the sixteenth century when the Spaniards came and set out to slaughter the entire Incan population in their bloodthirsty lust for gold. It’s believed by many that at least a few Incas were able to escape their deaths using the labyrinthine tunnel system that exists throughout the area, and that they took much of their gold with them when they left. Nobody knows where they went, but some suggest an underworld.
The many entrances to these tunnels are extremely well hidden or otherwise blocked, and it may be that the escaping Incas closed the entrances behind them. Who built the tunnels is unknown, and where they lead is uncertain. The Incas themselves stated that they didn’t know who built the tunnels or the many above-ground megalithic stone structures in the area. Some of the tunnels are said to interconnect the various Incan sites, such as between Cuzco and Tiahuanaco, while others are rumored to extend for hundreds, perhaps even thousands, of miles both north and south to even more distant locations. These latter tunnels comprise what is known as the ‘Inca Highway’, and many stories surround it that take it back to a time long before the Incan empire, being built by a race of beings who once lived on Earth but have since departed from sight, perhaps having moved underground.
In the area of Gualaquiza, Ecuador, a tunnel system was discovered by a man named Juan Moricz in 1965. Exploring the tunnels, he claims to have found artifacts of stone and metal of various colors, plaques carved with symbols and writing, and even a vast treasure of gold. Some of the tunnels have since been investigated by others, who describe them as man-made with polished walls, similar to the tunnels in Peru. They run deep underground, and where they lead is unknown. Perhaps they connect with the other tunnels that have been found to exist throughout the Andes. Whatever happened to Moricz’s treasure of gold and artifacts is unknown.
One of the sites that the tunnels are supposed to lead to, which has never been found but was written about by a Silesian priest in 1537, is named El Gran Paititi, and may be the origin of the stories of El Dorado. This still undiscovered Incan outpost is supposed to be located in the Madre de Dios region to the east of Cuzco, an area thick with jungle that has barely been explored. The priest wrote that a group of Incas retreated to Gran Paititi with their treasure of gold when the Spaniards began their slaughter. Many serious expeditions have gone in search of this lost city, and all have failed. Many of the explorers have become lost, and many others have died. Those who have made it back from their searches have little to tell us regarding the city’s possible whereabouts, other than a few small clues. One of these is that it exists on a high mountaintop much like Machu Picchu is, but far more out of the way and difficult to reach. Interestingly, on December 30, 1975, the Lansat II satellite photographed eight to twelve pyramids lined up in two rows of four, in southeastern Peru. They’re estimated to be almost the size of the Great Pyramid in Egypt.
Other megalithic structures that have been attributed to the Incas include the colossal stone fortress of Sacsayhuaman, built on a hill overlooking Cuzco Valley. It’s constructed of immense stones weighing from twenty to two hundred and fifty tons each, and are cut and fitted together with a precision that’s equal to anything that can be done today. Each stone is uniquely shaped, some of them having up to thirty angles, locked and dovetailed so as to withstand earthquakes. Over the years, a number of earthquakes in the area that have leveled other buildings have always left these blocks perfectly in place. There’s no evidence at all to indicate that the Incas actually built this fortress. The Spaniards who came to conquer Cuzco believed that the Incas must have used magic to move, cut, and place the stones, because it was inconceivable that they could have done it otherwise. To see this structure, it’s hard not to conceive of it having been built by giants. Sacsayhuaman was originally built with three towers atop the hill that were encircled by three immense concentric walls. A series of tunnels exist underground, and are believed to connect with other Incan sites in the area.
Another lost city was discovered far to the east in the northern Ingrejil Mountains of Bahia state in Brazil, in 1984. It is built of massive stones in the older style found at Inca sites to the west, and so it has been attributed to the Incas as well. However, considering that the Incas had found the older ruins they inhabited in Peru and elsewhere, as they even claimed, then all of these structures were undoubtedly built at a time long preceding the Incan civilization. How far back is not certain, but all of these megalithic stone structures that have been attributed to these people should be placed in context to the others that have been found around the planet, to properly see what story they might tell us.
Many other ancient megalithic structures exist in the jungles of South America, some having been found, but many more still undiscovered, buried under the fast-growing foliage of the dense jungle in areas that are neither easy or safe to venture into. Like those already discussed, many of these have been attributed to the Incas, while many others have been attributed to other native cultures, including the Aztecs, Olmecs, and Toltecs. There is, for instance, the lost mines of Muribeca, and the lost city of Matto Grosso in Brazil, and El Fuerte, or ‘The Place of Giants’, near Samaipata, Bolivia, as well as nearby La Muela el Diablo, or ‘The Devil’s Dimple’. These latter two sites, about ten miles apart, are said to be connected by an underground tunnel. There is also the site of Gran Pajaten in Peru, as well as Chavin de Huantar, a series of underground catacombs at least 2,500 years old that reach seven levels deep and are decorated with strange carvings and motifs. Both roadways and defensive walls also exist in Peru and Bolivia that run for hundreds of miles. Some of these paved roads are a hundred feet wide, leaving one to wonder why this was necessary. The Incas built roads that were on average only twenty-four feet wide, but these others are believed to have been built thousands of years earlier. Who built them? Virtually all of the South American megaliths that have ever been discovered appear to have been constructed by unknown peoples with great engineering know-how, in a time long before our history books go. It appears that perhaps as far back as 10,000 BC, the South American continent was occupied by a vast and thriving civilization. There are even legends of tall giants that once lived in the area, and of a race with six fingers and toes, with a good deal of evidence to support them. This will become more significant in a later part of this book.
Among many of the ancient cultures of South America can be found similarities in architectural design that include cities with pyramidal temples, large plazas, and broad avenues. They are suspiciously Egyptian in appearance, and, like the pyramids at Giza, they often reflect astronomical alignments and knowledge of certain mathematical relationships. We see this at Teotihuacan, a city that first the Toltecs and then the Aztecs occupied, but which the Aztecs claimed was built by Quetzalcoatl (Manco Capac) over 5,000 years ago. For some mysterious reason, this city’s Sun Pyramid had two layers of mica between two of its upper levels, which suggests that it might have had a technological purpose that we don’t yet understand. Mica can be used as an insulator in electronics, so this may offer a clue. Another building nearby, appropriately named the Mica Temple, has two enormous sheets of mica under its floor. Although mica is available locally, this mica was a nonlocal variety, coming from Brazil. It may be that these were the remnants of some sort of technology from a prehistoric civilization.
On the grassy Salisbury Plain in southwestern England stands the megalithic structure of Stonehenge. It is believed to have been constructed in three separate stages by different peoples, beginning at about 3000 BC and ending at about 1100 BC. Although this makes it too recent to have been constructed by any prehistoric civilization, like most of the other megalithic structures discussed within these pages, the accepted date of its origination is based on guesswork as much as anything, and Stonehenge may in fact be much older than is realized. At the very least, this site suggests that an ancient technological knowledge may have survived from prehistoric times and was used in its construction and incorporated into its design.
Although the question of when this structure was built has been largely decided on by the scientific community, the questions of who actually built it, how they built it, and why they built it are still totally unexplainable. The currently accepted date of its construction is based on the date of the earliest known inhabitants of the area. The Celts, Druids, Phoenicians, and Romans have all been attributed as the builders of Stonehenge at one time or another, but this has merely been due to a lack of any better candidates. Modern science puts the site’s earliest construction at a period that reaches further back in time than any of these peoples could have been placed there.
Archeological evidence reveals that the Salisbury Plain was inhabited as early as 4,000 BC, at which time it appears to have been a thriving area of organized human settlement, and had been cleared of much of the forested areas to make it ideal for grazing livestock and raising crops, with enough remaining forests for providing wood for cooking and building. Fossils of domesticated pigs and cattle have been found there that date back to this early period. The area rests on a solid chalk foundation, making it stable ground that wouldn’t be threatened too much by washouts from heavy rainfalls, which at that time were probably still quite constant due to the increasing glacial melting from the last ice age.
In spite of this area being settled so early, there is little evidence that these Neolithic peoples had a written language, and little of anything remains of them to indicate very much about their beliefs, customs, or culture. The actual site of Stonehenge itself is virtually devoid of any human bones or artifacts, other than a few pieces of pottery found inside the perimeters and the bones of a lone individual that had been buried in the outer ditch, and this has caused many researchers to assume that it was a shrine or sacred site used for religious ceremonies. Burial mounds found in the area that date back to around 3,000 BC contained artifacts made of gold, bronze, and copper, as well as ceramic beakers, archer’s wrist guards and flint arrowheads, daggers, and battle-axes. The human remains in these mounds reveal that these early inhabitants lived a very hard life and suffered many physical injuries, but these conditions appear to have improved over time. The discovery of a knife made out of Spanish copper indicates that these early settlers either did not originate from the local area, or they were already trading with distant cultures across the English Channel that early in history. The burial mounds from this early period suggest that there was great wealth and status among these peoples.
Only one Neolithic village has ever been discovered in the area, at Durrington Walls, three kilometers to the north. This village was comprised of hundreds or perhaps even thousands of dwellings that were made of wood and clay, and there is some evidence that they were furnished with wooden beds and other furniture. Radiocarbon dating shows that this site was inhabited at the same time that the major stone erections were made at Stonehenge. This strongly suggests that the village was populated by the main builders of Stonehenge.
Archeological digs show that at around 1,700 BC, there seems to have been a drop in the previously flourishing metalwork taking place in the area, which did not return again for three hundred years, when Stonehenge was already a thousand years old.
Geoffrey of Monmouth (1100 – 1155 AD), one of the earliest writers to ever mention Stonehenge, describes in his work, Historia Regium Britanniae (History of the Kings of Britain), that a formidable stone circle was removed from its site in Ireland and erected at Stonehenge as a memorial to 460 British lords who were massacred by the Saxons. He tells us that Merlin the magician was employed in this undertaking, and that Merlin claimed that the stones had been brought by giants from Africa and set up at Mount Killaraus in Ireland many years earlier. The stones were said to have had some sort of medicinal value to the giants who had lived in Ireland. Geoffrey is said to have taken much of his information from a much older book. Although there is a strong suggestion of myth, considering the common belief that the tales of Merlin and King Arthur were purely fictitious, this is merely an assumption based on contemporary thinking. The fact is, the stories of King Arthur and Merlin the magician were taken very seriously in the earliest part of Great Britain’s history, and the story of Merlin and the transport of these stones from Ireland had also been described in at least three other medieval manuscripts. These manuscripts each provided illustrations of the Stonehenge circle, including the fully constructed outer ring of stones, which are today missing a large number of lentils. It should be noted that the story of Merlin moving the stones is very similar to the story of how sorcerers were said to have built Nan Madol.
Apart from the fact that both Ireland and Great Britain are littered with stone ring structures and burial mounds, there is a very close resemblance between the design of Stonehenge and that of an ancient mound site at Newgrange in Ireland, which gives support to the early claims of a connection between Ireland and Stonehenge. The Newgrange site predates Stonehenge by several hundred years and is a different type of structure, but many of the components and their alignments are identical.
It should also be noted that the Newgrange site contains many intricately carved patterns and designs, mostly of zigzags and concentric rings or spirals. These spiral markings have been found all over the world, in Africa, Europe, the Americas, and elsewhere. Interestingly, however, they are curiously absent from the Stonehenge site, unless we consider the entire layout of the site.
Stonehenge consists of concentric rings of massive stones, some still topped with horizontal lentil stones that form narrow open doorways. Surrounding the main structure itself is a ditch (or ‘henge’) and accompanying embankment. This ditch and embankment were the first stage of Stonehenge’s construction, and date back to around 3,000 BC. The outer ring of sarsen stones was erected about a thousand years later, and was the second stage of construction. Still later, at about 1,800 BC, two semicircular inner rings of both sarsen and bluestones were erected in the third stage.
Another feature of this site includes the Heel Stone, which is a thirty-five ton stone that lays outside the parameters of the main structure and surrounding ditch, and marks the entrance to the site on the northeast side. This stone has its own surrounding ditch, and lays in the middle of a causeway that runs towards the entrance at a bearing of fifty degrees. Other features of Stonehenge are not so obvious, and include much smaller stones and the remains of post-holes, referred to as ‘Aubrey holes’, that have since been filled in. The real purpose of these holes is unknown. A further feature is that the lentil stones that top the sarsen stones are fitted by a tongue-in-groove method so that the stones are locked in place. The lentils are also curved so as to form a smooth circle when laid end to end atop the upright sarsen stones.
Four of the great sarsen stones that make up the outer stone ring of this structure, called Station Stones, are arranged to form a huge rectangle, so that the long sides indicate the moon setting in its extreme northern position, and the short sides indicate the midsummer sunrise. It’s worth noting that it’s only possible for such a rectangle to function in this dual capacity at the approximate latitude of the Stonehenge site.
The overall design of Stonehenge doesn’t appear to be so much related to astronomy and planetary positions, although during its construction parts of the design incorporated certain of these functionalities, such as that just described. Many people believe that this structure was little more than a primitive observatory for determining the seasons and lunar eclipses. This would suggest that it was constructed for nothing more than agricultural purposes, but in considering this we have to wonder why such laborious effort was put into building so large a structure for this simple purpose. It seems instead that its intended permanence was integral to its purpose, as though it were meant to last for a very long time and wouldn’t be affected by natural disasters, such as earthquakes and floods. It may be that Stonehenge was designed to allow for the detection and observation of changes in the alignment of the tectonic plate that it sits on, or even the alignment of the Earth’s polar axis in relation to other celestial bodies. If this is the case, then we need to ask ourselves what might have driven its builders to be concerned about such alignments. Were they watching for and expecting some particular event to occur?
It appears that Stonehenge was used for religious ceremonies by different peoples at different times, but there is no indication that this was its main intended purpose. Nor does it seem to have been the burial site of an ancient ruler, since no grave has ever been found.
Carvings of strange symbols and depictions of daggers and axeheads have been found on some of the stones, but whoever put them there at what point in history, and what they might signify, is unknown. They are very worn from the ages and most of them are barely discernable today.
An interesting thing about Stonehenge is the type of stones that were used in its construction. The sarsen stones are sandstone, while the bluestones are igneous rock. Both are rich in quartz. The source of the bluestones is uncertain, and the closest possible origination is over one hundred kilometers away in the Preseli Mountains. The rough surfaces of many of these bluestones have been smoothly dressed for some reason.
Research using both dowsing rods and sound have revealed that there are definite forces at work within this stone structure, and every aspect of its structure and design is very purposeful. It has been found that when certain sound frequencies are bounced off the center trilithon within the inner horseshoe of sarsen stones, they cause interesting effects and unusual phenomena.
The Great Pyramid and the Sphinx
The most popularly known megalith that exists on our planet, probably the oldest and certainly the most mysterious, is undoubtedly the Great Pyramid at Giza, Egypt. This structure has awed and mystified us for generations, not only by its sheer immensity, but also in its method of construction, its design, its mathematical proportions, and its true purpose. The ancient Egyptian civilization is a mystery in itself, and the claims that it arose at about 3,000 BC are based on rather questionable evidence that has helped to firmly establish this conclusion before new understandings could be considered that reveal that this could not have been the case. And yet, like all firmly established ‘facts’, this misconception has been accepted by the majority of people as the historical truth. Even mainstream Egyptologists who have the opportunity to thoroughly consider the evidence of this refuse to do so for fear of having to accept that what they currently believe is wrong and that they have wasted their careers on a false understanding. Because of this, they often feel it necessary to cling even more tightly to their outdated beliefs.
Since there has been so much already written regarding the Great Pyramid and other structures on the Giza plateau in Egypt, I’ll try not to go into the subject in too much length here, and will only highlight some of the more remarkable aspects of this site that are significant to our overall discussion, but still there will be much to say. The reader is encouraged to research this subject further in order to gain more detailed information regarding this amazing structure and the mysteries surrounding it.
Foremost of the marvels of the Giza plateau is undoubtedly the immense structure of the Great Pyramid itself. The manner in which this structure rises up above its flat surroundings and reaches into the heavens, built from approximately two and a half million limestone and granite blocks averaging two and a half tons each, cut and stacked with precision to form a perfect geometrical structure that stands almost 480 feet high with its missing capstone. The immense stones used in this structure parallel the size of those used in many other megaliths, and how they were so precisely manipulated into place is just as much a mystery here as with any of these other structures. The casing stones of the Great Pyramid, having perfectly squared edges, show no signs of chips or tool marks.
Given its perfect alignment with the cardinal points of the compass, the significance of its location on the planet’s surface, the advanced geophysical and astronomical knowledge mathematically incorporated into its structure, the immaculate workmanship of its stones, the many unexplainable features in its design, etc., the Great Pyramid leaves us with many questions that conventional science can’t properly answer.
Examining this pyramid more closely, many more mysteries arise. The most obvious of these relates to the actual purpose of this rather complexly designed structure. Of all the ancient megaliths that are currently known about, the Great Pyramid is unique beyond parallel in its design. Although it’s believed by most Egyptologists that it was built as a burial tomb by and for the pharaoh Khufu at about 2600 BC, this is based on extremely tentative evidence, and on closer scrutiny, this doesn’t seem to be the case at all, and some other more unusual purpose seems to lie behind this structure. For instance, unlike virtually every other royal tomb in ancient Egypt, the Great Pyramid is devoid of any sort of ornamentation or inscription within its interior. If we take into consideration that the other megalithic structures we have already discussed were possibly designed to control the effects of planetary upheavals using some unknown technological knowledge of Earth energies, then we can understand that the Great Pyramid was undoubtedly designed for a similar purpose. Long before it was ever broken into and entered, the ancient priests of the Egyptian mystery schools had been claiming that the Great Pyramid was not a tomb, and they were already aware of its interior layout. Perhaps they knew what its real purpose was as well.
The outer surface of the Great Pyramid was once completely encased in white limestone, which would have made it extremely reflective to sunlight, and because of its sheer size, it would have been noticeable from space as the sun’s light reflected off it. This suggests the possibility that it may have acted as a beacon for spacecraft as they approached Earth. Much more of this outer casing was in place in the past than is today, and it’s said that much of what once remained was inscribed with ancient characters that no Egyptian could understand. Abdul Latif wrote at the time that the casing stones still existed that these inscriptions were so numerous on this and one of the other accompanying pyramids that they would have covered six thousand pages. Part of the mosque of Sultan Hassan in Cairo is reported to have been built with these casing stones, and so some of these inscriptions may yet be found hidden in the dark spaces between its walls.
According to Paul Brunton in A Search in Secret Egypt, the entrance to the Great Pyramid was at one time sealed up and hidden, its location known only to initiated Egyptian priests, and it wasn’t discovered until 820 AD, when the Caliph Al Mamoun, son of the famed Caliph Haroun Al Raschid, put all his best men to the task of finding it, hoping to enter the pyramid and locate its expected treasures. Brunton tells us that Mamoun valued knowledge, enough to have the writings of the Greek sages translated into Arabic, and he promoted the virtues of study, so it’s not unlikely that he would have been a student of at least one mystery school, and as such may have received secret knowledge regarding this ancient and mysterious structure. It’s also possible that he retrieved something that has remained secret to the mystery schools.
The secret door that once allowed entrance into this structure, as described by Brunton, is simply amazing in both its camouflage and its operation. It consisted of a movable stone that was finely balanced and turned on a pivot, and required the stone to be pushed at one end and then pulled up and out at the other in order to move it aside to reveal a cavity that led into the pyramid. The outside surface of this stone was identical to that of the other outer stones, and fitted as precisely, making it very hard to distinguish by anyone who didn’t know its exact location.
Many of the features of this gigantic structure remain a mystery, but there had to be a purpose for them, and it’s only the false belief that the Great Pyramid was a tomb that has kept its true purpose from being properly and thoroughly investigated and understood. This false belief may have been completely intentional, the reasons for which should be becoming clear to the reader. Of all the ancient megaliths on this planet, the Great Pyramid is probably the oldest, and therefore the likeliest structure to be from a prehistoric civilization. In fact, the Great Pyramid seems to be a technological device that has been partly dismantled, or which was never completed.
If certain structures on the Giza Plateau are remnants of a prehistoric civilization, then it must be realized that the ancient Egyptians discovered this site and copied the design of their tombs from the Great Pyramid, not understanding what it really was and drawing conclusions based on their limited knowledge. In support of this is the fact that many of the measurements built into the design of the Great Pyramid relate very accurately to the measurements of our planet, knowledge that the early Egyptians did not otherwise seem to have a need for, or the ability to acquire. Why would they incorporate these measurements into this strange structure? The fact that these measurements reflect those of the planet so accurately and beyond coincidence leaves little doubt that this site was built by a previous civilization of some advancement, and the Great Pyramid’s purpose was far more complex than a mere tomb would be.
It has been suggested by some that in full operation it may have been used to stabilize the Earth’s crust in the surrounding area. If this is the case, it’s ironic that the outer limestone casing was removed and used to rebuild Cairo after an earthquake hit around 840 AD. Another suggestion is that it was a generator of Earth energies, and still another is that it may have caused the desert conditions of that area through weather modification technology gone wild. Any or all of these might be true. Whatever the case, it seems that this enigmatic structure purposely reflected knowledge of Earth’s dimensions and velocity within its basic structural features. This suggests a number of things. For instance, it indicates that an advanced understanding of Earth’s measurements was integral to the level of advancement of those who built it. The early Egyptians had no real need for knowing such measurements and their number system was poorly designed for making such precise calculations, so it makes much more sense that the Great Pyramid was a remnant from a prehistoric civilization that was much more technologically advanced than the ancient Egyptians.
The language of mathematics is universal to all intelligent beings, and there are certain universal constants in math, such as the value of pi, that can be recognized as signaling deeper meaning. This allows for a certain level of communication between unfamiliar intelligent beings. The exact shape of the Great Pyramid reflects a deeper knowledge of geometry, which a good mathematician may recognize by the angle of the slope of the pyramid, which is 51o 51’ 14.3”. The radius of a circle that’s equal to the height of the Great Pyramid (were its capstone in place) would have a circumference that was equal to the sum of the lengths of the four sides at their base. Only an equilateral four-sided pyramid with this particular angle of slope will work in accomplishing this.
The fact that these and other measurements were reflected in its basic design lends support to the possibility that this monument was a message to later civilizations, and may even be a sort of time capsule of knowledge, its mysteries only to be revealed when later civilizations are ready for them through their own level of understanding. If this is the case, we may have only recently reached that point of readiness when we realized the measurements that are encoded into its basic design.
There would be a reason to build such a long-lasting structure of such immensity if it was to be an obvious signal to later civilizations far in the future. Such a size would definitely draw attention to it and elicit curiosity by later peoples. That curiosity would lead, as it has, to the question of who built it and why, and what sort of knowledge they must have possessed. Those who first realized the possibility that this structure was from a technologically advanced prehistoric civilization and that there may be further knowledge to be revealed have made various secret expeditions to the site over the years and centuries, and may have made discoveries that the public is unaware of. We do know that rumors suggest there is a secret Hall of Records at the site, and this may have already been secretly discovered. For all we know, the early Egyptians who first stumbled upon this site may have found this or another library of knowledge and, realizing what they had found, quickly and quietly secreted it away to carefully study in private. This may be why the entire ancient Egyptian culture and religion are so little understood, and why Egypt was the origin of one of the earliest and most powerful secret schools ever to exist. Stumbling upon a cache of arcane knowledge left by a past civilization would give reason to seek out the most intelligent minds to study these symbols and artifacts in order to learn what they meant.
The Great Pyramid incorporates the basic units of measurement for time and distance that came to be universally accepted very early on in our own time, and date back to ancient Sumer. For instance, the number 12 is a common denominator in the measurement of time on a clock, the degrees in a circle, the number of months in a year, and the number of inches in a foot, to list just a few. Perhaps most significantly, though, is the harmonic nature of the measurements incorporated into this structure. A number of ancient Greek scholars and historians, including Pythagoras, Siculus, Strabo, and Agathurchides, wrote that the base length of the Great Pyramid was 1/8 of one minute arc length of the circumference of the Earth. This means that whoever built this pyramid was aware of the dimensions of the Earth, and must have incorporated this knowledge into its basic structure for a particular reason.
It’s very position on the sphere of the Earth seems to have been precisely chosen as well, being at the same 29.5 degree latitude as the mysterious dark spot on Venus and the gigantic Olympus Mons volcano on Mars.
Unlike the many other pyramids in Egypt, the Great Pyramid is not decorated with any hieroglyphs. There is absolutely no evidence at all that it was actually built and used as a tomb, and its design may have inspired the early Egyptians who discovered it to copy it for their tombs, causing a misunderstanding about its true purpose that has persisted up to the present day. They may have believed that it was a tomb when they first stumbled upon it five thousand years ago. To them, the Great Pyramid may have come to symbolize godliness, the ultimate achievement of man and the gateway to the afterlife. It’s not inconceivable that these early Egyptians developed their religion around such an idea. All other pyramids seem to have been inferior attempts at building tombs with a similar design, but excluding many of the intricate features found in the Great Pyramid. These features indicate that this structure was a technically complex and perhaps multifunctional device, based on a science that we are not familiar with.
A chamber deep underground beneath the pyramid has a shaft going still deeper into the ground, but is filled in with rubble. The Caliph Al Mamoun, when he broke into the pyramid to search it for treasure, explored this shaft as well. Descending sixty feet straight down, he found a small vaulted chamber where he stopped, but the dark shaft continued to descend even further. He assumed that this shaft was a well, but we don’t know that this was the case for sure. For all we know, this may be a passage to a subterranean underworld. The entire region is riddled with ancient tunnels and underground chambers. It could very well be that the Great Pyramid is associated with a civilization that lives underground. It should be noted that there is an incredibly extensive series of tunnels and caverns that connect various megalithic structures throughout the Americas that cannot be accredited to any of the native peoples, but were from before their time, and the original builders are not known.
In looking at a diagram of the passages and chambers of the Great Pyramid, it can be seen that the Queen’s Chamber is centered equidistant from the north and south faces and directly in line with the pyramid’s apex, but slightly east of it. The Grand Gallery also ends precisely in line with the apex, but slightly to the east. The King’s Chamber is entered from this end of the Gallery, and is situated slightly to the south of center but aligned almost equidistant east to west within the pyramid structure. The underground chamber and its shaft are situated almost exactly in line with the apex, directly beneath both the King’s and Queen’s Chambers. It’s as if these chambers and the Grand Gallery all purposely avoid the exact center-point of the pyramid, but are positioned very close to it.
The King’s Chamber is lined with immense slabs of red granite. The beams forming its attic chambers weigh up to seventy tons each, and the manner that they are placed suggests a specific purpose to this design. It might be suggested, considering the piezoelectric properties of granite, that these beams are intended to give off an electrical charge due to the pressure of their weight being supported only at their ends.
When Mamoun entered the Queen’s Chamber, he found a half inch layer of salt encrusted on the walls. How could it have gotten there? What processes took place to cause salt to build up in this chamber?
The Grand Gallery contains very precisely cut and evenly spaced notches and grooves that can’t be explained. They are of two different lengths, alternating long and short, with the short ones sloping while the long ones are horizontal. They seem to suggest some sort of large moving mechanism of which certain parts are now missing. It may have been some sort of tuning device or regulator, as some have suggested.
The dimensions of the Great Pyramid at its base are equal to a fractional unit of the circumference of the Earth, which means that it will resonate at a frequency that’s harmonic with the Earth’s shape. This shape correlates with its natural electromagnetic frequencies, and this allows the Great Pyramid to tap into that energy. Nikola Tesla, a great deal of whose work and discoveries have been suppressed, based many of his inventions on similar principles, tapping the Earth’s energy by placing special conducting rods in the ground to draw electricity from this natural source.
Earth energies have been known about since ancient times, and certain points on the Earth have been discovered to have much greater outflows of these energies than elsewhere, and these points have been found to be joined by lines of energy, forming a sort of web or matrix across the face of the Earth. These lines of energy are called ley lines in the western world, and dragon lines in eastern Asia. The points where they meet are major energy points, and these locations have been where ancient religious rites were performed and temples built in ancient times. These sites have power, and this can be attested to by the fact that they have continually been recognized by later religions to be the key locations to place their own temples, churches, and cathedrals. Thus we find that ancient pagan sites of worship in Europe were later used by the Catholic and Christian religions to build their churches and cathedrals, and those who were assigned to build these structures were the ancient stone masons – the first Freemasons – who originated in Egypt and were trained in the ancient mystery schools. The connections here are very clear.
It needs to be pointed out that many people have witnessed a sort of flame or glow that emanates from the stones of the Great Pyramid, causing a luminescence inside its darkened passages and chambers, and a strange glowing flame that traverses its outer slopes from time to time until it reaches the upper apex and disappears. Often, this strange light is reported to be bluish in color, and this strongly suggests that it’s the natural effect of coronal discharge emanating from piezoelectric materials, similar to what’s often witnessed in the Andes and referred to as the ‘Andes Glow’. This leads us to wonder even more strongly if the Great Pyramid was some sort of ancient technological device utilizing Earth energies.
Aside from the Great Pyramid, there is also the Sphinx, which is another mystery in itself. Although the authorities date it and the Great Pyramid to no older than several thousand years BC, vertical erosion marks from rain water clearly attest to the Sphinx having existed during a time when much rain fell upon the now dry Giza plateau, which puts its construction as far back as the end of the last ice age (about 10,000 BC). This conclusion, first made in 1992 by US geologist Dr, Robert Schoch of Boston University, who estimated the date of the Sphinx’s erosion at about 7,000 to 5,000 BC, has since been confirmed by other geologists as well (Interestingly, no geologist would dare to consider this evidence prior to Schoch, for fear of ridicule, in spite of the obviousness of what the evidence indicated. This fear of ridicule is the biggest fault with the scientific establishment that’s causing so much distortion of the truth about certain matters regarding our history and origins). These analyses, it should be noted, date the erosion marks, and not the date that the Sphinx was actually constructed, which would obviously have been even further in the past, since the erosion would have required a certain amount of time to develop. That this weather erosion could not possibly have occurred except during or prior to this time period, compared to the period of our own earliest recorded civilizations at about 5,000 BC, should leave us with no doubt at all that a prehistoric civilization must have once existed on our planet, and were the real builders of this and many other megalithic structures found around the globe.
The Sphinx is rather battered from the ages, as would be expected with such a long-standing structure from a much older time. It was buried in twenty feet of sand when Colonel Howard Vyse visited Cairo in the nineteenth century, and there is a great deal of reparation work that has been done to it over the centuries as well. The head itself, looking proportionately smaller than the rest of the body, has undoubtedly been reshaped at some point, and the current head and face that we see of a pharaoh is not likely the original. It is therefore quite possible that mainstream Egyptologists are entirely wrong in their conclusions as to when this structure was built and who built it, based on its current appearance. If the Sphinx had been constructed as late as is commonly believed, then it was a very poor decision to build it where the continually blowing sands would soon bury it. It seems far more likely that it was built before the Sahara became a desert.
An Egyptian inscription from the Fourth Dynasty (4,000 BC) tells us that the origin of the Sphinx is lost in time, and was discovered only by chance after having been buried completely under the desert sands for untold ages. The Sphinx must therefore stem from a civilization many thousands of years older than that of the ancient Egyptians.
During the span of our recorded history, the Sphinx is known to have been uncovered from the relentless sands that blow off the Sahara no less than seven times. Khafra was the first to excavate it in the Fourth Dynasty. Less than two thousand years later it was rescued again by the Pharaoh Thothmes IV (circa 1,425 BC). A red granite stela that lies between the paws of the Sphinx is inscribed with the story of a dream that Thothmes had in which he was instructed to dig the Sphinx out of the sand. The third excavation to uncover the almost completely buried Sphinx was by Marcus Aurelius, who also made some repairs to the paws and chest. It wasn’t until the nineteenth century that another attempt was made to uncover the Sphinx, this time by an Italian archeologist named Captain Caviglia, who was only partially successful. A fifth attempt was made in 1869 by August Mariette, founder of the Egyptian Museum. His successor, Maspero, continued the attempt in 1902, and was able to uncover a major portion of the structure. The last effort was made by the Egyptian government a few decades later, finishing the work attempts that were previously made, and uncovering the entire forecourt and enclosure down to the stone slabs that paved the ground upon which the Sphinx lies. How many times, and for how long, this monument had been buried and uncovered again by others before the Pharaoh Khafra will never be known, but it’s quite certain that the Sphinx is far older than our own earliest civilizations.
We must ask ourselves at this point whether it would have been possible or even logical for the Sphinx to have been constructed at a place where it would so quickly become lost under the Saharan sands that blew from the west so regularly. It seems much more likely that this structure was built long before the Sahara was even a desert, and this would take it back to an age long before that of any civilization we know of. The Sahara itself reveals that at one time it was covered in ocean water, being strewn in places today with shells and aquatic fossils.
According to Edgar Cayce, the ‘Sleeping Prophet’, there is a ‘Hall of Records’ located somewhere underground near the Sphinx, in which is supposedly contained records of a prehistoric civilization – presumably Atlantis – and these are supposed to include prophecies regarding our future. Similar records, according to Cayce, are also supposed to be located in the Yucatan area of Central America, as well as under the ocean waters near Bimini, in the Bahamas. These records will be unearthed only when the proper time arrives. The prophecy of a Hall of Records in Egypt is supported by Herodotus, who wrote as long ago as the fifth century BC that there were subterranean chambers on the Giza plateau, indirectly suggesting that they are beneath the pyramids. The chamber where these records are stored is said to contain thirty-two tablets or plates inscribed with information, linens, gold, and artifacts from the Atlantean culture, as well as a number of mummified bodies. According to Cayce, the time for it’s revealing will culminate with global changes, marking the end of an old age and the dawn of a new one. Many believe that this time is upon us now, and this is the ultimate message of this book. Whether or not this is the case, the Egyptian authorities will not allow anyone to do any excavations to look for the underground chamber. It may be, however, that they’ve already discovered it and found the prophesied records, and are therefore not in any hurry to allow it to be publicly known about. Only in this way might they secure for themselves whatever knowledge these records contain.
The Freemasons, a secret society that stems from the ancient mystery schools of Egypt and which is infused with ancient Egyptian beliefs, have an extreme interest in finding this chamber and unearthing its contents, as do the Rosicrucians, Theosophists, and certainly many other secret societies and spiritual groups, and any one of these organizations may be secretly involved in locating it. It may be that a Hall of Records doesn’t even exist, or perhaps has been found but is being kept secret, but until we know for sure one way or the other, we should keep all of this in mind.
Stanford Research Institute (now Stanford Research International), which is an organization that has close ties with the US military and intelligence communities, went searching for hidden chambers using remote sensing equipment in 1973. Their team, headed by physicist Dr. Lambert Dolphin Jr., detected a tunnel leading from the rear of the Sphinx, and a cavity in front of its paws. In 1990, seismographic tests conducted by a group called the Sphinx Project revealed a large rectangular chamber beneath the paws. In 1995, a narrow corridor was detected behind the west wall of the King’s Chamber in the Great Pyramid. But the Egyptian government still refuses to allow any excavations to take place. In fact, the entire Giza Plateau has been found to be riddled with ancient tunnels, shafts, and underground chambers, although this had been denied until very recently. For years, Egyptian authorities had been claiming that every inch of the area had been thoroughly explored, and no other structures than the three main pyramids and the Sphinx existed. But then the Temple of the Sphinx was discovered near the Sphinx, and after this, many other structures began to be uncovered. These included four large vertical shafts that led down through the bedrock to a series of underground chambers, some of which were lined with eighteen foot tall sarcophagi. We can only wonder what giants these sarcophagi belonged to.
Herodotus wrote that there were tunnels under the Giza pyramids that connected them together, and he was supported by many other ancient writers. Iamblichus, a fourth-century Syrian historian and a representative of the Alexandrian mystery school, described a tunnel that led from an entranceway in the body of the Sphinx to the Great Pyramid. He stated that this entrance would be found between the paws of the Sphinx. It was said to have once been secured by a bronze gate with a secret mechanism that only the magi knew how to open. The entranceway was said to lead through the body of the Sphinx and into a labyrinth of subterranean galleries, and from these one could arrive under the Great Pyramid.
Pliny wrote that somewhere under the Sphinx would be found the tomb and treasure of a ruler named Harmakhis. The Sphinx was once known as "the Great Sphinx Harmakhis who mounted guard since the time of the Followers of Horus". The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus wrote that the walls of certain subterranean chambers were inscribed with ancient wisdom in order to preserve it from the flood.
In 1935, Dr. Selim Hassan performed explorations of the Giza area, and uncovered many ancient chambers and tunnels that were richly ornamented with finely crafted statues, carvings, and friezes. An entire city is also said to have been discovered while clearing sand from the Giza site, which included many temples, dwellings and workshops, and even a palace. The design of the city was well planned out, and had hydraulic underground waterways and drainage systems as part of its modern amenities. The location of this city has been kept secret, however, and only a few people have ever been allowed to see it. It is said to be entered from inside the Sphinx, and extends eastward under the limestone bedrock of the plateau towards Cairo.. The city is said to sit on the edge of a large subterranean lake, and lighting is provided by strangely luminescent crystal orbs that are set into the walls and ceiling. One of these orbs was apparently removed and has been displayed publicly on occasion, and is said to have the ability to project a moving image of hieroglyphic writing when mentally instructed to by whoever holds it. It was reportedly sent to NASA for analysis. It has been suggested that this subterranean city is the biblical city of Gigal. The discovery of other underground cities in the area have also been reported since, and are said to be large enough to house many thousands of people. Of course, all of these finds are being carefully guarded, and their exact whereabouts remain undisclosed. We can only wonder what secrets they might reveal about the distant past.
One interesting thing that should be noted about the underground chambers and tunnel systems at Giza is that, although they are very dark and would require some sort of lighting for the ancients to have been able to see, there are no signs of soot from torches or other fires having been used. How did the ancient Egyptians see in these places? What were those mysterious luminous crystals that reportedly lit up the secret underground city that was found under the plateau? There is a possible connection here to the ‘light-makers’ mentioned in both the Book of the Dead and the Pyramid Texts who may have been a group of people who knew the secret of these objects. Ancient papyrus texts have also been found that describe strange light-emitting tubes that were discovered by ancient explorers of these underground caverns, some still operating at the time, others not. The texts mention that one of these tubes was broken open and was found to contain a silvery liquid that ran across the floor and disappeared into the cracks. This sounds very much like mercury. Strange lights have also been reported to have been found in the ancient temples of India as well. In Isis Unveiled, Blavatsky gives two alchemical formulas for creating a fuel that will supposedly burn forever.
The ancient Egyptian culture is itself somewhat of a mystery, and much of what mainstream Egyptologists regard as fact regarding Egypt’s ancient past has come under serious question over the years. It’s believed by some to be a much older civilization than is commonly accepted, or that the ancient Egyptians based their religion on their interpretation of a much older one. Apart from the pyramids and Sphinx to attest to the extreme age of this civilization, taking it back to at least 7,000 to 5,000 BC (according to Schoch’s analysis of the Sphinx), there is other evidence that the Egyptian civilization goes much further back than is commonly believed. An ancient document called the Turin Papyrus mentions nine dynasties prior to Menes, and the Palermo Stone mentions one hundred and twenty kings before Menes. The Turin Papyrus also states that prior to this, Egypt was ruled by gods. Manetho, an Egyptian priest, was able to list the Egyptian rulers going as far back as 25,000 years. At that time, Egypt would have been a lush, semi-tropical region untouched by the glacial freeze of the ice age.
According to Manetho, an Egyptian historian from the third century BC, the god Thaut (god of wisdom) came to the Nile delta in predynastic times, bringing with him a number of ‘Emerald Tablets’ that contained all the knowledge necessary to build a civilization. He came from his inland home far to the west, which had succumbed to a watery grave. This little known Egyptian ‘myth’ is very similar to the origin myths from other cultures around the world, accrediting their knowledge and civilization to gods who arrived as survivors of a cataclysm that had brought about the demise of their own land and civilization. The ties between certain of these similar origin legends are even more remarkable when the dates for the arrival of these gods are considered. For instance, the first Egyptian dynasty began around 3100 BC, while the Maya claim that their civilization started in 3114 BC. That there is a connection between the Egyptian and early Mesoamerican cultures goes even further, as is revealed most obviously in the similarity of pyramidal architecture and hieroglyphic writing styles.
Whoever the people were who built the ancient structures at Giza, they were in possession of superior technology, revealed in the craftsmanship of certain stone jars and bottles, some of which are carved out of granite, while others are carved from diorite, basalt, and quartz, all of them revealing workmanship that can hardly be reproduced today. The remarkable workmanship includes tall vases with long, very thin necks and flared interiors that are fully hollowed out. However they were made, they are beyond what modern craftsmen are able to duplicate. No less than thirty thousand of these were found at Saqqara. Some of these artifacts date from before the time of Cheops.
Another interesting find on the Giza Plateau occurred in 1954, when a stone-covered pit was discovered buried near the Great Pyramid. Inside this pit was a dismantled cedar boat dating to 2,500 BC, which when finally assembled resulted in a craft 143 feet long and some say would have been more seaworthy than any of Columbus’ ships.
Could the Giza Plateau, site of the Great Pyramid and the majestic Sphinx, the center of so much mystery that extends from a very ancient past right up to the present day, have been the place where an ancient prehistoric civilization chose to leave its legacy? Could there have been something left there that was intended to benefit future civilizations, perhaps left by the survivors of a civilization that had recently been shaken to its foundations by some incredible disaster? Could the Sphinx, which faces directly towards the rising Sun, have been built in tribute to a new dawn, a new beginning? And could the Great Pyramid have been a beacon of hope, standing high above the landscape to be seen for miles in every direction, calling to those lost souls who had been forced to flee far and wide from the destruction of their own land?